Patients' Mental Health

LISA SCHULMEISTER, RN, MN, APRN-BC, OCN®, FAAN
Monday, August 24, 2015
Talk about this article with nurses and others in the oncology community in the General Discussions Oncology Nursing News discussion group.
A group of researchers led by John Salsman, PhD, from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, noted that spirituality and religion are often sources of comfort to patients with cancer. However, they also noted that studies examining the correlation between religion/spirituality (eg, beliefs, experiences, and coping measures) and mental health (eg, well-being) or psychosocial distress (eg, anxiety, depression) have used heterogeneous measures and therefore have elicited inconsistent findings.

The researchers felt a meaningful synthesis of these findings would be helpful to clinicians, so they conducted a meta-analysis of the research that has been done on this topic.

Four electronic databases were systematically reviewed, and 2073 abstracts met initial selection criteria. Reviewer pairs applied standardized coding schemes to extract indices of the correlation between religion and spirituality and mental health. In total, 617 effect sizes from 148 eligible studies were synthesized using meta-analytic generalized estimating equations, and subgroup analyses were performed to examine moderators of effects.

Researchers also looked for publication bias. They found that demographic and clinical factors were not predictive of the relationship between religion and spirituality and mental health, and the relationship between religion/spirituality was generally positive. The strength of that correlation was modest and varied as a function of the religion and spirituality dimensions and mental health domains assessed. The researchers therefore confirmed that there is a correlation between religion/spirituality and mental health but recommended that more sophisticated methodological approaches are needed to advance research in this area.


Reference

Salsman JM, Pustejovsky JE, Jim HSL, et al. A meta-analytic approach to examining the correlation between religion/spirituality and mental health in cancer [published online August 10, 2015]. Cancer.


Talk about this article with nurses and others in the oncology community in the General Discussions Oncology Nursing News discussion group.
Lisa Schulmeister, MN, RN, ACNS-BC, FAAN
 
Blog Info
Lisa Schulmeister, MN, RN, ACNS-BC, FAAN is an oncology nursing consultant and editor-in-chief of Oncology Nursing News.
Author Bio
Lisa Schulmeister, MN, RN, ACNS-BC, FAAN, is the Editor-in-Chief for OncLive Nursing. She is an oncology nursing consultant and adjunct assistant professor of nursing at Louisiana State Health Sciences Center in New Orleans, LA. She provides continuing nursing education to nurses across the Unites States, is active in several professional nursing organizations, and is intrigued by the many ways nurses use technology to communicate.
 
 
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