Join PER® September 15th for the New York Advanced Practice Collaborative Meeting! Directed toward NP/PAs, this meeting blends presentations on cutting-edge information with panel discussions to enhance learning.

General Discussions

Making Music Shows Promise in Treating Cancer-Related Symptoms

By Allie Casey
General Discussions - Discussions
1 replies
Joke Bradt, PhD, MT-BC

Joke Bradt, PhD, MT-BC

It is no doubt that music surrounds our daily lives. Now, it is even proving useful in the treatment of patients with cancer. Music interventions, a category of integrative therapy, can be used to soothe patients’ psychological and physical symptoms treatment-related side effects.

A recent review by researchers at Drexel University’s College of Nursing and Health Professions assessed the value of music interventions in the oncology setting. They examined 52 total studies involving 3731 participants; 23 of the studies were classified as music therapy and 29 as music medicine interventions.1

In an interview with Oncology Nursing News, Joke Bradt, PhD, MT-BC, an associate professor at Drexel and lead researcher of this review, expanded on the distinction between the two interventions. Music medicine, she explained, involves a nurse offering patients in a study “pre-recorded music that will be just selected by the nurse” or the patient may be “given a list of options from which they can choose.”

Music therapy requires “a trained and board-certified music therapist who has been trained to use very specific individualized music interventions that are matching the patient’s in-the-moment needs.”

Importantly, music therapy doesn’t just consist of music listening. According to Bradt, the therapist first asks the patient about how they are feeling and then decides on any number of musical interventions going forward. “We might sing a song that helps the patient express some of the feelings, we might take out some percussion instruments and help the patient express nonverbally through playing instruments, or we might write a song with the patient about what they’re going through.”

Researchers found that music interventions had a moderate-to-strong effect in reducing anxiety. Findings from 7 studies involving 723 participants pointed to a large treatment benefit in pain reduction, but the authors urged caution in interpreting this finding. Lesser effects were found in treating fatigue, reducing heart and respiratory rates, and lowering blood pressure. While there were moderate increases in patient’s quality of life with music therapy, there were not similar effects in the case of music medicine intervention.

Study authors hypothesized that listening to music could reduce the need for anesthetics and analgesics, as well as decrease recovery time and duration of hospitalization.1 Bradt emphasized that although the review was not “a direct comparison between the two interventions,” she hopes that future studies will draw direct comparisons, so the “use of music on the continuum of cancer care” can be better understood.

Bradt also warned of the potential adverse effects of music intervention. “Music is not just this innocent, safe, nonintrusive intervention. Music can be quite intrusive.” According to Bradt, music can evoke strong emotions and memories that come with strong emotions, which could traumatize a patient. To counter this, it is important to have support services ready for the patient, to “check on the patients, and how they’re dealing emotionally.”

When choosing which patients may or may not benefit from which type of music intervention, one of the most important factors to consider is the patient’s relationship with music. If they strongly believe in the power of music, and of the therapeutic process, they would make a good candidate for either intervention. Someone who believes in music, but is hesitant about their musical abilities, might benefit more from music medicine intervention than music therapy.2

And someone without much hope or with severely traumatic memories tied to music might be better off waiting to experience music interventions. Bradt clarified that sometimes, “those patients just need a little more time to build up a trust relationship with those therapists. When the time is provided they are able to open up, and often find music therapy very effective.”

Researchers hope that music interventions will become more widespread, and that healthcare providers, including the administrators who decide—as Bradt pointed out—“what kind of services are provided and reimbursed,” will be encouraged to seriously consider the use of music therapy in medical settings in the psychosocial care of people with cancer.

“These reviews show that music therapy and music [medicine] intervention is very effective for reducing anxiety, for helping with pain, helping with emotional distress. And those are important outcomes.”
1. Bradt J, Dileo C, Magill L, Teague A. Music interventions for improving psychological and physical outcomes in cancer patients. Cochrane Gynaechological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancer Group. August 15 2016. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006911.pub3
2. Bradt J, Potvin N, Kesslick A et al. The impact of music therapy versus music medicine on psychological outcomes and pain in cancer patients: a mixed methods study. Supportive care in Cancer. October 17 2014. DOI: 10.1007/s00520-014-2478-7
3. Otto, F. Music Demonstrated to Alleviate Cancer Patients’ Symptoms. DrexelNOW. August 17 2016.
By Richardboony
Oct 27, 2017 2:35:12 am
You might also need to suggest more study or comment on matters that it wasn't possible that you discuss in the newspaper. Before composing very good post, you need to clearly understand what kind of article he or she's intended to write whether it's a journalism article, professional article, review article or article for a blog because every one of these kinds of posts have their personal specified writing styles. In case you have any financial essay writing difficulty, let us know for we shall aid you with all writings which are quality and which are free of plagiarism. You shouldn't be worried because our college essay writing company is the best source to buy college essay services that are perfectly tailored. Online services are somewhat more reliable and affordable also. Content writing can also be a kind of essay writing, just you must be careful with the rules, if you believe that it is possible to compose essay correctly then readily you might also write the articles, it is not in any way a huge deal. It's the chief part of the prewriting procedure of an essay. Since writing an outline may occasionally be tedious job because this is the location where you truly begin contemplating your essay seriously. Feelings that may keep you from writing your book. Writing an article is a challenging issue to perform for a student and also for a typical man who doesn't possess the specific understanding of the terminology and the grammar that ought to be utilised within an essay. After the pupil doesn't have a private opinion, then they ought to simply earn a option to select a topic, and select pro or con. Very very good essay writers possess the capacity to give help to their students if it's required. Students using a copywriting service should know about a couple things before deciding on a service. After going through the business advice and terms and conditions, if you're happy with their solutions, you may pick a specific small business. Many writing companies won't turn away clients if they're just under what they're asking. essaycapital
You must log in to use this feature, please click here to login.
External Resources

MJH Associates
American Journal of Managed Care
MD Magazine
Pharmacy Times
Physicians' Education Resource
Specialty Pharmacy Times
OncNurse Resources

Continuing Education
Web Exclusives

About Us
Advisory Board
Contact Us
Privacy Policy
Terms & Conditions
Intellisphere, LLC
2 Clarke Drive
Suite 100
Cranbury, NJ 08512
P: 609-716-7777
F: 609-716-4747

Copyright OncNursing 2006-2018
Intellisphere, LLC. All Rights Reserved.