Rates of Upgrading, Adverse Pathology Similar in Hispanic and White Non-Hispanic Men With Prostate Cancer


Hispanics are the largest ethnic minority and one of the most rapidly growing populations in the United States. Prostate cancer represents the highest incident non-cutaneous malignancy in this population.

Helen Y. Hougen, MD

Helen Y. Hougen, MD

Results presented at the 22nd Annual Meeting of the Society of Urologic Oncology indicate that the rates of upgrading and adverse pathology at radical prostatectomy cancer are similar in Hispanic and non-Hispanic men with prostate cancer.

“Hispanics are the largest ethnic minority and one of the most rapidly growing populations in the United States and prostate cancer is the highest incident non-cutaneous malignancy in this population,” said Helen Y. Hougen, MD, SUO fellow at the University of Miami, during a presentation of the findings. However, compared with other well studied populations, such as White non-Hispanic or Black men, the Hispanic or Latino population as a whole has been studied to a lesser extent, either it's combined with disparate groups or excluded altogether.”

Researchers sought to examine a rate and pattern of upgrading (any increase in Gleason grade [GG] from biopsy to prostatectomy) and adverse pathology (extraprostatic extension, seminal vesicle invasion, lymph node-positive) in Hispanic patients using an institutional prostatectomy database, specifically in the south Florida region.

Previously, the SEER database has demonstrated there are similar survival outcomes between Hispanic and White patients with prostate cancer; however, this database does not include South Florida—which has a high population of Hispanic men.

Patients included in the study were non-Hispanic White (NHW; n = 688), Hispanic White (HW; n = 736), and Black (n = 426) men who underwent a radical prostatectomy between 2014 and present. There was no significant difference in age, body mass index (BMI), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate size, or biopsy GG between groups.

Results demonstrated that 651 patients had upgrading, and it was not different between groups.

On the univariable analysis, patients who were Black had a lower rate of adverse pathology compared with patients who were White. Hougen explained this may be because the Black population in south Florida has a greater number of men who are of Caribbean decent, not of African origin.

In the multivariable analysis, significant predictors for upgrading included older age, higher PSA, and lower prostate weight. And there were no differences observed between the three groups and the rate of upgrading.

Adverse pathology odds increased with older age, higher PSA, higher BMI, lower prostate weight, increased number of biopsy cores, and higher GG.

“Hispanic (patients) are more negatively impacted by socioeconomic factors, such as neighborhood effects, compared (with White patients). However, despite this, they have similar survival compared with white (patients) suggesting an at least equal, if not more favorable, cancer characteristic,” Hougen concluded.


Hourgen H, Iakymenko O, Punnen S, et al. Race is not associate with prostate cancer upgrading in Hispanic men undergoing radical prostatectomy. Presented at: Society of Urologic Oncology 22nd Annual Meeting; November 30-December 3, 2021; Orlando, FL. Abstract 148

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