ERBT Before Ra-223 May Not Increase Hematological Toxicity in mCRPC

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Patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who were previously treated with external beam radiation therapy before radium-223 did not experience an increase in hematological toxicity compared with the overall population.

ERBT Before Ra-223 May Not Increase Hematological Toxicity in mCRPC

ERBT Before Ra-223 May Not Increase Hematological Toxicity in mCRPC

Hematologic toxicity did not increase in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) who underwent prior treatment with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) before radium-223 (Ra-223) compared with the overall population, according to findings from the US subset of patients from the REASSURE (NCT02141438) trial presented at the 2024 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium.

“Although concurrent EBRT to bone was used to treat bone pain in [the] ALSYMPCA [trial], only a few patients among the overall US subset received Ra-223 and concomitant EBRT to bone,” the researchers wrote in the poster. “Patients who received EBRT to the bone within 2 years prior to Ra-223 did not demonstrate an increased incidence of hematological toxicities relative to patients who did not receive EBRT to bone.”

Of the 498 patients with mCRPC who were treated with Ra-223 in the United States, 118 patients (median age at informed consent, 72 years; range, 47-93) underwent treatment with EBRT to the bone within 2 years before treatment with Ra-223 and 380 patients (median age at informed consent, 75 years; range, 44-94) did not receive EBRT to the bone. The median duration of observation in patients who received EBRT before Ra-223 was 11.7 months (range, 0.4-41.3) vs 12.0 months (range, 0.4-39.1) in those who did not receive the therapy beforehand.

Drug-related hematological treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were proportionately similar between the EBRT cohort and the those who did not receive EBRT to the bone, occurring in 8.5% (10/118) and 9.7% (37/380), respectively. Grade 3 or higher drug-related TEAEs occurred in 8.4% (10/118) and 10.5% (40/380), respectively. TEAEs resulting in Ra-223 discontinuation occurred in 4.2% of patients (n = 5) who received EBRT and in 4.2% (n = 16) who did not receive EBRT. Drug-related severe adverse events (SAEs) resulted in 1 death in each group.

Eight patients in the EBRT cohort (6.8%) and 11 patients who did not receive EBRT to the bone (2.9%) experienced bone fractures.

“Despite a higher rate of bone fractures with prior EBRT to bone, the overall incidence was low,” the researchers wrote in the poster.

There were 6 second primary malignancies (SPMs) found in 5 patients (4%) with prior EBRT to the bone compared with 5 SPMs in 5 patients (1%) without EBRT to the bone. Of note, SPMs in patients with prior EBRT to the bone included lung, gastrointestinal tract, skin, and liver; 1 patient had a neuroendocrine tumor.

“Although the percentage of SPMs was higher among patients treated with EBRT to bone relative to patients who did not receive EBRT to bone, the overall incidence remained low, and there were no hematological malignancies,” the researchers wrote in the posters.

Reference

Sartor O, Conti P, Taplin M, et al. Safety outcomes in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer treated with radium-223 following external beam radiation therapy: REASSURE US subset. J Clin Oncol 42, 2024 (suppl 4; abstr 106). doi:10.1200/JCO.2024.42.4_suppl.106

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